Ann Taylor Cashmere Cowl Neck Sweater

Antecedents and Models

Diesel Zatiny Jeans Size 40x32,

Unique Y2K Knit Embroidered Southwestern Zipup Cardigan by Blair Boutique- XL,ED Ellen DeGeneres by Royal Doulton Joy Plates 8" Set of 4,On the Fly Heathered Black Pants,Frye Melissa Button Back Zip Leather Black Boots, (a partial and temporary capacity to enjoy a range of goods), the common pattern of making fugitive slaves wear a metal collar, to clothing domestic slaves in special liveries or uniforms. The BKE Buckle Men's Aiden Bootcut Jeans Size 29R Light Wash Stone Gray Denim,MAC COSMETICS OVERDONE Lustre BNIB Lipstick RARE!,Wynter Black Open Stitch Mockneck Short Sweater, slaves (2).

Africa and the Slave Trade

Arabs and their Muslim allies were the first to make use of large numbers of sub-Saharan black Africans. They developed a long-distance slave trade, which began in the seventh century and lasted into the twentieth. It delivered many millions of Africans across the Sahara Desert, Red Sea, and Indian Ocean to North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Persian Gulf. Although over a much longer period of time and comprising far more females, the number of Africans exported via these trans-Saharan or Indian Ocean slave trades probably equaled, or even outmatched, those of its transatlantic counterpart. The preexistence of these export trades facilitated Atlantic trade: systems of slave marketing were already in place. So numerous were black Africans at certain times and in certain places that they were able to launch massive slave revolts—in 869, for instance, in what is now southern Iraq, where the so-called Zanj (who came from the Swahili Coast and lands further north) worked in large gangs draining marshlands. While the Quran and Islamic law were essentially color-blind and while Muslims enslaved many so-called "white" people, medieval Arabs came to associate the most degrading forms of labor with black slaves. The Arabic word for slave, Few Moda New York Dress,Cavalini Petite Collection Womens One-Button Blazer 3/4 Sleeve Black Size PM NWT,

Columbia Pole Patch Pass EXS Jacket,

The luxury collection gray and silver velvet curtains 51”×96”,Vintage 90’s L.E.I. Light Blue Faded Mid Rise Bootcut Denim Jeans Size 7,, became the origin of the word slave in English (and in French Marchesa Notte Fil Coupe Cocktail Dress,Gardenia BY CIDER,Adrianna Papell Occasions Synthetic Shutter Pleat Dress with Jacket in Silver,, and in German Athleta Long Sleeve Mauve Black Shirt Size Large,Maeve Anthropologie Pink SHANNON Embroidered Skirt,servusMAC COSMETICS KRAFT Amplified Creme BNIB Lipstick,

Off Shoulder Maxi Gown,

The Atlantic Slave System

MK Black Pumps,

nike x swarovski sneakers size 8.5,

As slavery underwent a resurgence in southern Europe, it gradually disappeared from the northwestern part of the continent. Economic changes help to explain this development, but perhaps more important were cultural constraints. Over the course of the Middle Ages, Christians always committed awful atrocities on each other, but increasingly they avoided enslaving one another. Apparently, a sense of unity had emerged in Christian Europe that effectively barred the enslavement of those deemed fellow Europeans. Christianity's long struggle with Islam no doubt played a major role in this development. That from 1500 to 1800 Muslims enslaved well over a million Western Europeans, many of whom were subsequently ransomed and celebrated as symbols of freedom, was a major element in the growing sense that Europeans should never be slaves. Nevertheless, these so-called free labor nations would develop some of the harshest slave regimes in the Americas. As David Brion Davis puts it, "it is an astonishing paradox that the first nations in the world to free themselves of chattel slavery—such nations as England, France, Holland, and even the Scandinavian states—became leaders during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in supporting plantation colonies based on African slave labor." He likens this divide to a primitive Mason-Dixon line, "drawn somewhere in the Atlantic, separating free soil master-states from tainted slave soil dependencies" (8).

This paradox illumines the unpredictability of events in the Americas. No European nation embarked on New World ventures with the intention of enslaving anyone. They had no blueprint but rather proceeded haphazardly and pragmatically. Their first resort was to forced Indian labor (the encomiendaEnglish Laundry Men’s Casual Chino Pants, Gray,

Consequently, Europeans faced a huge labor shortage. The Ottoman Turkish empire blocked access to Black Sea or Baltic captives. European nations no longer enslaved Christian prisoners of war. Some dreamers talked of enslaving the poor or other marginal groups, but the practical and principled problems of reviving European slavery were considerable. Another expedient was the transportation of convicts, but their numbers were never sufficient. Temporary bondage—indentured servitude—was the most obvious and most widely used other option, particularly in the early years, but servants, if they survived, eventually became free, and in any case most servants would not travel to the areas where most labor was needed. Thus, almost by default, African slaves proved by far the best available labor supply. Consequently, from 1500 to 1820 almost 9 million African slaves left for the New World, compared to less than 3 million whites. In terms of migration, the New World was more black than white (10).

boho blue floral print v neck button ruffle dress,

Puma rose water and white shoes,

New World slavery's other most distinctive aspect was its highly commercial character. While it is true that plantations—that is, large agricultural enterprises, managed for profit, producing a crop for export, with a hierarchically stratified labor organization—existed outside the New World, they reached their apogee there. The economies of scale, the expansion in unit size, the almost exclusive use of black slaves, a highly regimented and commodified labor force, and a system of close management all raised profit levels significantly. Such a productive system placed enormous demands on its laborers. As early as the 1630s a visitor to a Jesuit-owned sugar plantation in Brazil vividly described the unbearable horror of what had transpired: "People the color of the very night, working briskly and moaning at the same time without a moment of peace or rest, whoever sees all the confused and noisy machinery and apparatus of this Babylon, even if they have seen Mt. Etna and Vesuvius will say that this indeed is the image of Hell" (13).

Patterns of New World Slavery

Variations over time and space existed within New World slavery. Three stand out. First, although all New World regions imported more African men than women (thereby in part explaining the harshness of New World slavery because of the policing problems associated with large gangs of men), over time the gender ratio among New World slaves became increasingly balanced. In that regard, the North American slave population is most notable, because, as its number of slave women increased the most rapidly, so it became one of the few self-reproducing slave populations in world history. This early and rapid natural increase explains why North America received such a small percentage of the overall transatlantic slave trade—about 5 percent. Second, North America was also distinctive in being much less tolerant of racial intermixture than Latin America or the Caribbean. Once again demography—particularly the ratio of white men to white women (more balanced in North America than in Latin America and the Caribbean) and the availability of black women—was a crucial part of the explanation, but also important were the role of the Church and cultural mores, based as much in Old World patterns of racial coexistence or segregation. The Spanish had mixed with Muslims for centuries; the English had created a Pale in their settlement of Ireland. Only in North America did the extremely arbitrary concept of "Negro"—denoting anyone with allegedly visible African ancestry—assume such a marked stigma. Third, the chances of gaining freedom varied from one society to the next. Except for the period surrounding the American Revolution, the North American colonies, and later the states, imposed the severest restrictions on the chances of a slave becoming free. Again, demography—the proportions of whites and blacks in the population—has some explanatory power as do economic and cultural forces (14).

North American slavery itself was hardly of a piece. The range encompasses New England's intimate "family slavery"; the Mid-Atlantic's mixed forms of slavery and servitude; the Chesapeake's patriarchal, small plantation, mixed farming and tobacco, heavily native-born form of slavery; and the low country's impersonal, large plantation, rice and indigo, more heavily African system of slavery. In addition, various borderland forms existed: from a fluid world of interracial alliances in the Lower Mississippi Valley to a flexible one of fugitives and ex-slaves in Spanish Florida to one in which Indian slaves were transformed from symbols of alliance into commodities of exchange in French Canada (15).

J. McLaughlin Wool/Cashmere Charcoal Gray Trousers,

Tiffany & co "k" initial diamond necklace,

  1. Boho Cream Blue Floral lace up Midi Dress Gypsy,The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-bellum South (New York: Knopf, 1956).

  2. Vintage bespoke cream, aqua and gray wool blazer & skirt set Size Medium,International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. David L. Sills and Robert King Merton (New York: Macmillan, 1968), 14: 307-13; Finley, Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology, reprint (Hammondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1983, 1980), 9, 96, 102, 111, 113-14; Keith Hopkins, Air Jordan 11 retro low - closing ceremony. Size 6,Chico’s NWT fringe jacket and tank,Pillsbury Giggling Doughboy and Beanbag - NEW, 138 (1993): 3-27; Keith Bradley, Slavery and Society at RomeCrewcuts plaid blazer jacket,Boho Stripes sleeveless midi Dress Halter ivory,Vintage bespoke Blackwatch plaid wool suit size medium,The Problem of Slavery in Western CulturePolo khakis size 36x32 nwt,Vintage MONDIKI Size M Black Square Dance Skirt & Top Set Outfit,Zac and rachel pants,

  3. Ralph A. Austen, "The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade: A Tentative Census," Manolo BLAHNIK designer heel Mesh front sling backs wire once,, ed. Henry A. Gemery and Jan S. Hogendorn (New York: Academic Press, 1979), 23-76; Austen, "The Mediterranean Islamic Slave Trade out of Africa: A Tentative Census," Grey Black Button Detailed Melville Long Sleeve,Boys Leo and Zachary Navy Sports Jacket Size 12,Encyclopedia of Africa South of the SaharaFRENCH CONNECTION Packable Puffer Anorak Jacket S,International Journal of African Historical Studies 10 (1977): 443-61; Alexandre Popovic, The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the IIIrd-IXth CenturyBnwb Altuzarra Ness Pumps in Conga Size 40/10,Longaberger Pottery Cannister Small,Antonia saint Heels,VINTAGE YSL Block Heel Black Suede Heels - 7, (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1998); Shaun E. Marmon, ed., Women's Michael Kors down blend fur trimmed gold hooded puffer jacket SZ M, (Princeton, N.J.: Markus Wiener, 1998); Minra Tora and John Edward Philips, eds., Slave Elites in the Middle East and Africa: A Comparative StudyWhite House Black Market Cowl Neck Sweater XS,The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Lands of IslamBCBG Max Azria Womens Metallic Mini Skirt Sz XXS,Slavery on the Frontiers of IslamPPD Paige Premium Denim Stone Canyon Bootcut Jeans dark wash Blue 36 Women's,

  4. Suzanne Miers and Igor Kopytoff, eds., Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological PerspectivesNWT Nordstrom Leith White Racerback Body-Con Dress,American Eagle Bootcut Jeans Mens Size 28x28, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990); John Thornton, RARE MAC COSMETICS BNIB MISCHEVOUS LIP LACQUER LIPGLOSS LIPSTICK Limited HTF,Bar III Quilted Cotton Colbolt Blue Pillow Sham,Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in AfricaBAR-B-QUE Tile inlay Wooden Lazy Susan Unique Rare, Handpainted 10.5" Square,

  5. Brighton 2 Tone Pendant Necklace,Archivum latinitatis medii aeviCupid riding swan earrings Victorian style,L'Esclavage dans l'Europe médiévale, vol. 1, Pénisule Ibérique—France (Bruges: De Tempel, 1955); vol. 2, Italie, Colonies Italiennes du Levant, Levant Latin, Empire Bysantin (Ghent: 1977); and Verlinden, The Beginnings of Modern Colonization: Eleven Essays with an IntroductionBanana Republic Black Booties 7,Slavery and Society in Medieval ScandinaviaBanana Republic Slimming Bi-Stretch Sloan Fit Trouser Pants In Light Denim Wash,Ann TaylorLoft Tweed Fitted Button Blazer Jacket, (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 1995); Steven Epstein, Speaking of Slavery: Color, Ethnicity, and Human Bondage in Italy (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2001); and Sally McKee, "Inherited Status and Slavery in Late Medieval Italy and Venetian Crete," Silver Suki High Slim Bootcut Jeans Women's Size 18 Stretch Cotton Blend Denim,Mk runway twisted bracelet chronograph watch,

  6. LOFT floral vine midi column dress black multi NEW,Smitten by Michael Simon Black Appliqued Foral Cardigan, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982); Hugh Thomas, The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440-1870 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997), 21-24, 48-86.

  7. Felipe Fernández-Armesto, Floral 3 Piece Short Set M,Giamba Paris red skirt staggered hem 44/M,Rare vintage Kate spade watch,ASOS River Island Metallic Purple Taffeta Sleeveless A-Line Mini Dress 2,NWT Weekday oversize jacket,Jordan clothes and shoes,American Bear Oreo Cookie Jar, (San Francisco: Mellen Research University Press, 1992).

  8. S.S.Multi Strand Black Onyx with TurquoiseNecklace,American Historical ReviewFrye Alex Chukka Lace Up Tan Suede Booties,MAC ENCHANTED EVE PINK LIPSTICK KIT, (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003), 14; Robert C. Davis, Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500-1800 (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003). For more on the development of freedom and slavery, see David Eltis, The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), and Sue Peabody, There Are No Slaves in France: The Political Culture of Race and Slavery in the Ancien RégimeBoho Navy Blue Floral Slit Cami Midi Dress Party,

  9. Labradorite Earrings Dangle Gold Filled Handmade Unique Gift Jewelry,The Early Spanish MainBanana Republic Gray Marled Open front duster cardigan Size XS,Sheer Curtains. 8 Panels, (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1992); William L. Sherman, Forced Native Labor in Sixteenth-Century Central America(Size 8.5) BRAND NEW Sorel Booties,NWT ANTHROPOLOGIE Black Othilia Laura High Neck Floral Velvet Maxi Dress Size XS,ASOS Skinny Chino in Stone,The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717Ettika REVOLVE Black Leather Gold Chain Crescent Choker Necklace,Vivienne WestwoodANGLOMANIA,, ed. Elizabeth Mancke and Carole Shammas (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 75-121. For a recent discussion of Indian population decline, see David S. Jones, "Virgin Soils Revisited," Green & Coral one shoulder maxi,, 3rd ser., 60 (October 2003): 703-42.

  10. David Galenson, White Servitude in Colonial America: An Economic AnalysisEmily Empire Maxi Dress - Dusty Blush Crisp,GRANDE Autum Lip Kit (3x2.4oz)Lip Plumbing,White High Neck Melville Cropped Long Sleeve,William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 58 (January 2001): 17-46. Two good microhistories of the transatlantic slave trade are Robert Harms, Eileen fisher linen pants,Custom AF1. Made to order.,The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth-Century Atlantic Odyssey (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004).

  11. David Eltis and William G. Clarence-Smith, "White Servitude," Eileen Fisher Stretch Crepe Viscose Blend Open Front Cardigan Navy Blue Size S,Kensie Cowl Neck Cable Knit Sweater,American Threads Black Sequin Set, (London: Longman, 1996); Stanley L. Engerman, ed., Terms of Labor: Slavery, Serfdom, and Free Labor (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1999); and Bush, NWOT Eileen Fisher size L ankle cropped pants, (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2000).

  12. Frank M. Snowden Jr., Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1970); Snowden, Rockets of Awesome,Coach Marla Turnlock Black Dress Heels,The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004); Jean Devisse and Michel Mollat, eds., The Image of the Black in Western Art, vol. 2, BOBBI BROWN Treatment Lip Shine SPF 15 in PAPAYA - NEW,Giuseppe Zanotti Women’s Sz 8 Guns 55 Black Suede Side Zip Ankle Boots,Images of the Medieval PeasantGorgeous A-Line Polka Dot Skirt (size 2),New Cole Haan Leather Slides Size 10.5,Olivia Welles Bohemian Native Black Gold Statement Necklace,White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812Invitation Special Edition watch and watch bands,Race: The History of an Idea in the West (Washington, D.C.: The Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1996); the essays in "Constructing Race: Differentiating Peoples in the Early Modern World," William and Mary QuarterlyClassiques Entier Tweed crop jacket,The Curse of Ham: Race and Slavery in Early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003). The best account is David Brion Davis, "The Origins of Anti-Black Racism in the New World," chap. 3 in Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of New World SlaveryBOBBI BROWN Treatment Lip Shine SPF 15 in DESERT ROSE - NEW,

  13. Cynthia Rowley polka dotted dress. Tags still on.,Vintage Lisner Pearl & Crystal Gold Clip Earrings, (New York: Norton, 1989); Schwartz, ed., Oversized Stuffed Dog,, 3.

  14. Frank Tannenbaum, Slave and Citizen: The Negro in the AmericasNWT Le Lis Multi Blue Denim Skirt,Neither Black Nor White: Slavery and Race Relations in Brazil and the United States (New York: Macmillan, 1971).

  15. NWT LuLaRoe Sarah Black White Floral Rose Cardigan,Black Yankees: The Development of an Afro-American Subculture in Eighteenth-Century New England (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988); Graham Russell Hodges, Root and Branch: African Americans in New York and East Jersey, 1613-1863New Vintage Sweater Womens XL Ivory Cable Knit Moc,Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and LowcountryMeadow Rue Throughway Layered Tank,Genuine Leather Crossbody Handbag, Joy,Dark Blue Fishtail Maxi Dress w/ Thigh High Split,Cleobella Emmy Midi Dress,NAOT NWOT Leather Rome Slip-On Sandal,William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 60 (October 2003): 777-808. To this list might be added other forms of aboriginal slavery: see Theda Perdue, Super Soft Dark Taupe Hi-Lo Cardigan, (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1979); William A. Starna and Ralph Watkins, "Northern Iroquoian Slavery," Vintage Levi's Silver Tab Jeans - Bootcut, 38 (Winter 1991): 34-57; and Leland Donald, Aboriginal Slavery on the Northwest Coast of North America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).

  16. Tom Nook Build a Bear Plush Animal Crossing,

Sources

  • Womens Size XL LL Bean Vintage Pure Shetland Wool Ribbed Knit cardigan Sweater,The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800White Flowy Melville Long Sleeve,
  • EscadaTan Striped Trousers,Banana Republic black polka dot skirt w lining,Milly Fox Fur Trim Sweater Vest Size M/L Women's Charcoal Gray Merino Wool,
  • Designer inspired, black purse only. 1 left,Unchained Voices: An Anthology of Black Authors in the English-Speaking World of the Eighteenth CenturyMAC Heatherette LE Bonus Beat lipglass,
  • Caedia Stackable Cow Squishmallow,Children of God's Fire: A Documentary History of Black Slavery in BrazilEileen Fisher Silver Metallic Linen Long Blazer Jacket Coat Large,
  • Davis, David Brion. White Black Melville Baseball Long Sleeve,. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003. The first short essay in the volume is a superb introduction to the origins of New World slavery, but it should be complemented by a number of other books by this great historian of New World slavery. I particularly recommend his New Estee Lauder 4pc lipstick, lip gloss, mascara,Michael Kors Blair Rose MK5859 Wrist Watch,
  • Davis, Robert C. MM Couture Embellished Racerback Tank XS NWT,Pink designer inspired purse, purse only.,
  • Cabi Sophia Cami Blouse Size 4 Peplum Faux Wrap Sleeveless Top Printed Pink NWT,A Historical Guide to World Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. A useful reference work that covers most regions where slavery was important, together with topical examinations of the subject.
  • BOBBI BROWN Treatment Lip Shine SPF 15 in SUNSET BEACH - NEW,The Rise of African Slavery in the AmericasMadewell Walker Striped Long Sleeve Cardigan,
  • NEW Signature 8 High Waisted Grey Miniskirt,Pure Essence Urbanology Tunic Dress S NEW,3-piece Sweater Skirt Set,
  • Clare v clutch bag,Macmillan Encyclopedia of World SlaveryJUST IN❗️925 Sterling Silver Crystal Zircon Jewelry Set,
  • Finley, M. I. Coach silver bracelet watch,. Reprint. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1983, 1980. An exploration of the emergence, functioning, and decline of the slave societies of classical Greece and classical Italy, with comparisons to New World slavery, by the greatest historian of ancient slavery.
  • Fredrickson, George M. Racism: A Short HistoryKamala Sleeveless Dress,
  • Size 5 Nike Free Runs. Brand new in-box. Never worn, too small for me.,Laura Scott Women's Grey Open Front Ribbed Cardigan Wrap Size XL. Contains about 1,000 pictorial images of slavery in Africa and the Americas, arranged thematically.
  • S.S.Multi Strand Orange Bamboo Coral Bead Necklace,Tramway Paris Susan and Katinka Vintage Silk Skirt,. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993. A good general account by a historian alert to comparative history.
  • Boden Navy Blue Boucle Open Front Sweater Jacket,Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. A good survey of slavery and the evolution of racial prejudice in the Islamic world.
  • Miers, Suzanne, and Igor Kopytoff, eds. Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977. The long introduction on slavery as an "institution of marginality" is a classic, and many of the individual essays on particular regions and groups are stimulating.
  • Miller, Joseph. C., ed. Slavery and Slaving in World History: A Bibliography, 1900-1996. 2 vols. Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1999. The most comprehensive work of its kind. Annual updates are available in the journal Very pretty skirt set!,. The entire bibliography is being prepared for Internet access as a searchable database by the Virginia Center for Digital History at the University of Virginia.
  • Morgan, Philip D. "African Americans." In A Companion to Colonial AmericaSolace London midi strapless dress,
  • Patterson, Orlando. Lululemon Flow & Go Tank Very Light Flare Silver Spoon,. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982. The best general survey of slave systems in 66 societies, written by a sociologist.
  • Rebecca Minkoff Black Leather Chelsea Boots,Blue Twill Paisley Tiered A-line Maxi Skirt XL,. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1985. A useful account that focuses on slavery in medieval Europe, the world of Islam, and the rise of the Atlantic slave system.
  • Thornton, John. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800Cotton Embroidered Mixed Eyelet A-line Skirt 10,

Philip D. Morgan is the Sydney and Ruth Lapidus Professor in the American Revolutionary Era at Princeton University. He is the author of Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998) and coeditor (with Sean Hawkins) of Black Experience and the Empire: The Oxford History of the British Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). He would like to acknowledge in particular the assistance of David Brion Davis, who generously sent him two early chapters from his forthcoming manuscript, "Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of New World Slavery."

Authored by

  • Philip D. Morgan
    Free People Green Fairisle Long Mohair Blend Cardigan size small,
    Princeton, New Jersey